哈萨克斯坦三分之一的亚麻籽出口到中国

2021-06-04
One-third of Kazakhstan flaxseed exported to China

据乌克兰农业咨询机构APK Inform 报道,按哈萨克斯坦政府1月12日公布的官方数据,截至目前,中国成为哈萨克斯坦亚麻籽的主要进口国。

According to official data released by the Kazakh government on January 12, China has so far become the main importer of flaxseed from Kazakhstan, Ukrainian agricultural advisory agency APK Inform reported.

2019年4月,第二届“一带一路”国际合作高峰论坛期间,哈农业部和中国海关总署签署《关于哈萨克斯坦小麦粉输华植物检疫要求的议定书》。2019年9月,哈总统托卡耶夫访华期间,哈农业部和中国海关总署签署《关于哈萨克斯坦亚麻籽输华植物检疫要求的议定书》。《议定书》的签署为哈小麦粉和亚麻籽生产企业进入中国市场提供了可能。

In April 2019, during the second "One Belt One Road" International Cooperation Summit Forum, the Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan and the General Administration of Customs of China signed the "Protocol on Phytosanitary Requirements for the Export of Kazakhstan Wheat Flour to China". In September 2019, during Kazakhstan's President Tokayev's visit to China, the Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan and the General Administration of Customs of China signed the "Protocol on Plant Quarantine Requirements for Kazakhstan Flaxseed Exported to China." The signing of the "Protocol" provides the possibility for Kazakhstan wheat flour and linseed producers to enter the Chinese market.


自去年中国向哈萨克斯坦亚麻籽开放市场以来,中国在2020/21年的(9-11月)的三个月进口了50900吨亚麻籽,占哈萨克斯坦亚麻籽出口量的37%。

Since China opened its market to Kazakhstan flaxseed last year, China imported 50,900 tons of flaxseed in the three months of 2020/21 (September-November), accounting for 37% of Kazakhstan's flaxseed exports.

APK表示,在此期间,哈萨克斯坦总共出口了13.77万吨亚麻籽(不包括对欧亚经济联盟(EAEU)的供应),低于上一年度同期的15.04万吨。然而,由于中国加强了检疫措施,禁止通过边境口岸多斯蒂克-阿拉山口向中国装载所有类型的货物(集装箱货物除外),*近供应中断。

APK said that during this period, Kazakhstan exported a total of 137,700 tons of flaxseed (excluding supply to the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU)), which was lower than the 150,400 tons in the same period of the previous year. However, due to China's strengthened quarantine measures and prohibits the loading of all types of goods (except containerized goods) into China through the border port Dostic-Alashankou, supply has recently been interrupted.


从9月到11月,哈萨克斯坦亚麻籽对欧盟的出口总量为75500吨,而2019/20年同期为113400吨。据APK Inform称,对欧盟的出口减少是由于本年度哈萨克斯坦亚麻籽供应减少以及来自中国的竞争。

From September to November, Kazakhstan's flaxseed exports to the EU totaled 75,500 tons, compared with 113,400 tons in the same period in 2019/20. According to APK Inform, the decrease in exports to the EU is due to the reduced supply of flaxseed from Kazakhstan this year and competition from China.

亚麻籽俗称胡麻,是一种重要的油料作物,国内主要产于华北、西北高寒地区。近年来,因其产量低、经济效益差,种植面积大幅缩减,国产亚麻籽已远远不能满足生产加工和消费市场需求。

Flaxseed, commonly known as flax, is an important oil crop. It is mainly produced in the alpine regions of North China and Northwest China. In recent years, due to its low output and poor economic benefits, the planting area has been greatly reduced, and domestic flaxseed is far from being able to meet the needs of the production, processing and consumer market.

近年来,哈农民种植亚麻的积*性不断提高,原因是亚麻成本低廉,易于种植,且亚麻籽价格大大高于小麦。哈亚麻籽产量和生产企业数量明显增长,在短短几年内,哈已成为亚麻籽和亚麻油主要出口国之一,每年大量对欧洲和亚洲国家出口。中国是哈亚麻产品的主要出口目的国之一。

In recent years, the enthusiasm of Kazakh farmers to plant flax has continued to increase. The reason is that flax is cheap and easy to plant, and the price of flaxseed is much higher than that of wheat. Kazakhstan's flaxseed output and the number of production enterprises have increased significantly. In just a few years, Kazakhstan has become one of the main exporters of flaxseed and flaxseed oil, exporting a large amount to European and Asian countries every year. China is one of the main export destination countries of Kazakhstan flax products.


Read 1
share
Write your comment right